Geographically Andhra Pradesh stands the fifth largest state in India and has the most important coast line extending over 1000 km. That is the one state which is bestowed with two mighty rivers. These are –
1) River Krishna
Andhra Pradesh has broad and diverse vegetation varieties enriched by a wide range of wildlife. Andhra Pradesh being situated strategically within the central area of the Indian sub-continent has a few of the representatives of the magnificent Indian crops and animals. Its diverse topography from the hilly ranges of the Jap Ghats and the Nallamallas, to the shores of Bay of Bengal helps diverse ecotypes which in flip help a wide range of floral and fauna varieties. The state can broadly be divided into 4 main biotic provinces.
DECCAN PLATEAU: 53%
CENTRAL PLATEAU: 35%
EASTERN PLATEAU: 11%
EAST COASTAL PLATEAU: 1%
The kind of vegetation discovered within the state is essentially of dry deciduous sort with a combination of Teak, Terminalias, pterocarpus, Anogeissus and so forth., The hills particularly the Jap Ghats, add vastly to the organic range, and supply facilities of endemism for crops, birds and lesser types of animal life. The various habitat harbors a wide range of fauna which incorporates
4) Wild canine,
6) Sloth beat,
8) Black buck,
13) Sambar and various birds and reptiles.
The lengthy coastline supplies the nesting floor for sea turtles’ the again waters of Pulicat Lake are the feeding grounds for Flamingo and Gray Pelican; the estuaries of river Godavari and Krishna help mangrove vegetation. The state has some uncommon and endemic crops like Cycas beddomei, Pterocarpus santalinus, Terminalia pallida, Syzygium alternifolium, Shorea talura, Shored tumbuggaia, Psilotum nudam and so forth., Equally the Double banded or the jerdon’s Courser and the Golden gecko are very uncommon and endemic to the state.
Andhra Pradesh has a community of 20 Sanctuaries and 4 Nationwide Parks overlaying an space about 11,982sq.km.
SOME OF THE IMPORTANT WILD LIFE SANCTUARIES AND NATIONAL PARKS ARE AS FOLLOWS with full particulars
1) KAWAL SANCTUARY
LOCATION AND AREA: Adilabad district; 893 sq. Km
FLORA AND FAUNA: Dry deciduous Teak forests with Bamboo
terminelia, pterocarpus and so forth. Animals discovered are Tiger, panther, Gaur, Cheetah, Sambar, Nilgai, Barking deer, Chowsingha, Mouse deer, Sloth bear and a wide range of birds
ACCESSIBILITY: 50 Km from Mancherial railway station (South central Railway) 260 km, from Hyderabad highway, nearest airport – Hyderabad
ACCOMMODATION: Forest relaxation home at Janna rams.
SEASON: November to Could.
For particulars please contact, Divisional Forest Officer (WLM) Janna ram
2) PRANAHITHA SANCTUARY
LOCATION AND AREA: Dry deciduous Teak forests alongside river pranahita, a tributary of river Godavari. The terrain is undulating and helps Tiger, Panther, Sloth bear, Cheetah, Black buck, Nilgai and a wide range of birds together with Brahmani duck, Teals, Storks and Herons.
ACCESSIBILITY: 70 Km, from Mancherial railway station (south central railway) 300 Km, from Hyderabad by highway. Nearest airport – Hyderabad
ACCOMMODATION: Forest relaxation home at Mancherial and Chinnur.
SEASON: November to April
For particulars please contact, Divisional Forest Officer Mancherial.
3) SIVA RAM SANCTUARY
LOCATION AREA: Adilabad & karimnagar districts, 37sq. Km
FLORA AND FAUNA: Riverside forest combined with Teak, Terminalia and so forth, famous for the presence of Marsh crocodiles in river Godavari with the forest harboring Tiger, Panther, Langur, Rhesus monkey, and Wild boar, Cheetah, Sambar, Nilgai and Python.
ACCESSIBILITY: 50 Km, from Mancherial railway station, 10 Km from Manthani in karimnagar district.
ACCOMMODATION: Forest relaxation home at Mancherial and Eklaspur
SEASON: December to April
For particulars please contact, Divisional Forest Officer, (WLM) Janna ram
4) ETURNAGARAM SANCTUARY
LOCATION AND AREA: Warangal district, 806, sqKm
FLORA AND FAUNA: Dry deciduous Teak forest with Bamboo, Pterocarpus, Anogeissus, Buchanania and so forth. Nation with low hills with tiger, Panther, Gaur, Sambar, Cheetah, Black buck, Chowsingha, Barking deer, Wild boar, Wolf, Jackal, Fox, Jungle cat and a wide range of birds.
ACCESSIBILITY: 90 Km, from Warangal/Kazipet railway station (south central railway) 250 Km, from Hyderabad by highway, nearest airport Hyderabad.
ACCOMMODATION: Forest cottages and a Relaxation home at Tadvai, ITDA Visitor home at Eturnagaram.
SEASON: October to Could.
For particulars please contact, Divisional Forest Officer (WLM) Subedari, Warangal
5) PAKHAL SANCTUARY
LOCATION & AREA: Warangal district; 879 km.
FLORA AND FAUNA: Dry deciduous Teak forest with Bamboo, madhuca, Terminalia, pterocarpus and so forth. Animals discovered are Tiger, Panther, Gaur, sambar, Nilgai, Cheetah, Wild boar, Sloth bear, wild canine, Hyena, Jackal, Fox and migratory birds, like Geese, Teals, Ibises, Storks and Cormorants.
ACCESSIBILITY: 60 Km, from warangal/Kazipet railway station 230, Km from Hyderabad. Nearest airport is Hyderabad
ACCOMMODATION: Forest & Vacationer relaxation home at Pakhal.
SEASON: November to June.
For particulars please contact, Divisional Forest Officer (WLM) subedari, Warangal
6) KINNERA SANI SANCTUARY
LOCATION AND AREA: Khammam district; 656Sq.Km
FLORA AND FAUNA: Dry deciduous Teak forests with Bamboo, Terminalias, Anogeissus and so forth., The Kinnerasani Lake may be very picturesque. Animals discovered are Tiger, Panther, Gaur, Cheetah, Black buck, Chinkara, Chowsingha, Sambar, Wild boar, Wild canine, Hyena, Jackal, Sloth bear and a wide range of floor nesting and aquatic birds. The Kinnerasani lake and water swimming pools harbor Marsh crocodile.
ACCESSIBILITY: 25 Km, from Bhadrachalam
ACCOMMODATION: Forest relaxation homes at paloncha & Kothagudem
SEASON: October to June
For particulars please contact, Divisional Forest Officer (WLM) paloncha
7) PAPIKONDA SANCTUARY
LOCATION AND AREA: East Godavari, West Godavari & Khammam districts; 591 sq. km.
FLORA AND FAUNA: Dry deciduous Teak forests with Bamboo, Terminalia, pterocarpus, and so forth. and different species conforming to the Jap ghat vegetation. Animals discovered are Tiger, Panther, Gaur, Cheetah, Chowsingha, Sambar, Black buck, Mouse deer, Barking deer, Sloth bear, Wild canine, Hyena, Jackal, Wild boar, Marsh crocodile and a wide range of birds each resident and migratory.
ACCESSIBILITY: 50 Km from Rajahmundry railway station, nearest airport-Rajahmundry
ACCOMMODATION: Forest relaxation homes at Rajahmundry, Maredumili and Kannapuram.
SEASON: October to Could
For particulars please contact, Conservator of Forest (WLM) Rajahmundry.
8) CORINGA SANCTUARY
LOCATION AND AREA: East Godavari district; 236 sq. km
FLORA AND FAUNA: The sanctuary is a part of the estuary of river. Godavari and helps a wealthy progress of mangrove vegetation with crops like Rhizophora, Avicennia, Sonneratia, Aegiceros and so forth. Animals discovered are fishing cat, otter, jackal, sea turtle and Estuarine crocodile that are discovered within the creeks. Among the many birds, commonest are Sea gulls, Storks, Herons, Snipes, Geese and Flamingos
ACCESSIBILITY: 20 Km, from Kakinada railway station and 70 Km from Rajahmundry railway station. Nearest airport- Rajahmundry
ACCOMMODATION: Forest relaxation home at Coringa and Rajahmundry.
SEASON: October to Could
For particulars please contact, Deputy. Conservator of Forests (WLM) Rajahmundry
9) KOLLERU SANCTUARY
LOCATION AND AREA: West Godavari district; 673 sq. km
FLORA AND FAUNA: It’s a wetland, marsh habitat supporting a big number of water birds, Garganys. Teaks, Pochards, Spot payments, Brahmani geese, open invoice storks, Herons, often Flamingos, & Gray pelicans.
ACCESSIBILITY: 60 Km by highway from Vijayawada railway station.
ACCOMMODATION: Forest relaxation homes at Vijayawada and Eluru.
SEASON: October to Could
For particulars please contact, Divisional Forest Officer (WLM) Eluru.
10) KRISHNA SANCTUARY
LOCATION AND AREA: Krishna and Guntur districts; 195 sq. km
FLORA AND FAUNA: Mangrove Forests on the estuary of river Krishna, harboring Fishing cat, Otter, Jackal, Estuarine crocodile and a wide range of seasonal birds.
ACCESSIBILITY: Forest relaxation homes at Vijayawada.
SEASON: October to February
For particulars please contact, Divisional Forest Officer (WLM) Eluru.
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Temple cities of south India are the best contribution to the world of this area. Backwaters of Kerala, wildlife sanctuaries of Nilgiris, and seashores of Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Pondicherry, Andaman & Nicobar, and Lakshadweep are among the best you could find on this a part of the world. The architectural stays of Northern Karnataka have attracted vacationers from everywhere in the world, who discover the misplaced empire of Vijayanagar at Hampi.
Common Chook Watching Excursions of South India
South India has a few of the greatest Chook Sanctuaries on this planet. The panorama of South India with the dense forests and sufficient waterfalls is appropriate for the migratory birds to make it as their dwelling place.
1. Kumarakom Chook Sanctuary
Positioned on the banks of Vembanad Lake in Kerala, Kumarakom Chook Sanctuary is dwelling for native birds just like the waterfowl, cuckoo, owl, egret, heron and the water duck, and migratory birds just like the Siberian stork, Parrots, teal, larks, flycatchers, wooden beetle, egret, darter, heron and teal. The sanctuary is unfold throughout 14 acres. The village of Kumarakom is a cluster of little islands on the Vembanad Lake, and is a part of the Kuttanad area.
2. Mudumalai Wildlife Sanctuary
Mudumalai wildlife sanctuary is dwelling for the birds like Peacock, Gray Jungle Fowl, Purple Spur Fowl, Gray Partridge Quails, Goggle Eyed Flower, Malabar Whistling Thrush, giant Racket-Tailed Drone, The Magpie-robin, Noticed Babbler, Small Inexperienced Barbet, Inexperienced Pigeons, Brown Dove, Malabar Gray Hornbill, Bulbuls, Mynas, and so forth. Amongst them, Eagles, Hawks, Buzzards, Harriers, Falcons and King Vulture are predominant, moreover some migratory water birds. It’s also dwelling for a lot of animals.
3. Vedathangal Chook Sanctuary
Vedathangal Chook Sanctuary is the oldest Chook Sanctuary in India, situated in Tamil Nadu of India. Yearly, a lot of migratory birds like Gray Heron, Cormorant, Egrets, Darter, Open-billed Stork, Spoonbill, White Ibis, Grebes, Night time Herons and Gray Pelican go to this Sanctuary. It’s dwelling for different birds like Cormorants, Darters, Herons, egrets, Open billed Stork, White Ibis, little Grebe, Indian Moorhen, Black Winged Stilts and so forth. This sanctuary might be visited on the way in which to Mamalapuram, which is simply 53 km away and 85 km from Chennai.
4. Ranganathittu Chook Sanctuary
Ranganathittu Chook Sanctuary is a small sanctuary, comprising of six islets on the banks of the Kaveri River, and may be very near the historic city Srirangapatanam in Karnataka. The sanctuary is now a paradise for wildlife fanatics, nature lovers and fowl watchers. It’s dwelling for the Birds like Painted Stork, Asian Open invoice Stork, Frequent Spoonbill, Woolly-necked Stork, Black-headed Ibis, White Ibis, Lesser Whistling Duck, Indian Shag, Stork-billed Kingfisher and different frequent birds like egrets, cormorants, Oriental Darter, and herons.
5. Thattekkad Chook Sanctuary
Thattekkad Chook Sanctuary, situated on the northern financial institution of River Periyar, is without doubt one of the widespread Nationwide Parks in Kerala. Dr. Salim Ali, The well-known ornithologist designed this sanctuary. It’s dwelling for birds like Indian Curler, Cuckoo, Frequent Snipe, Crow Pheasant, Jungle Night time jar, Kite, Gray Drone, and Malabar Trojan and so forth.
6. Kolleru Chook Sanctuary
Located in Andhra Pradesh in Godavari District, 60 km from Vijayawada, this picturesque fowl sanctuary of India is a superb vacationer attraction. The prime attraction of birds are Painted storks, open invoice storks, Gray Herons, cormorants, white Ibises, shiny Ibises, egrets, Reef Herons, Geese, Coots, Shovellers, Terns, Jacanas, Moorhens and so forth.
7. Manjira Chook Sanctuary:
Positioned close to Sangareddy in Medak District, Andhra Pradesh (50-km From Hyderabad), and the Manjira Chook Sanctuary is a haven to a wide range of migratory in addition to home feathered species. The birds embody Painted Storks, Herons, Coots, Teals, Cormorants, Pochards, Black and White Ibises, Spoon Payments, and Open Billed Storks and so forth.
8. Idukki Wildlife Sanctuary
Positioned 40 km from Thodupuzha, simply above the arch dam, Idukki Wildlife Sanctuary extends over the Thodupuzha and Udumpanchola taluks of Idukki district spreading over 77sq. km. With the picturesque lake on the three sides of the sanctuary, an impressive arch dam throughout two hills and roaming wild animals like elephants and gaur in herds within the semi-evergreen and deciduous forests is a superb vacationer attraction. It’s dwelling for birds like Jungle Fowl, Myna, Laughing Thrush, Black Bulbul, Peafowl, Woodpecker, Kingfisher and so forth. Other than birds, it is usually dwelling for a lot of wild animals.
9. Kunthakulam Chook Sanctuary
Kunthakulam Chook Sanctuary is situated 33kms south of Tirunelveli in Tamil Nadu. Kunthakulam is a small and pure scenic village, which is roofed with pure forests and ponds. Many birds migrate right here throughout January to April from nations like Pakistan, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, USA, and Australia.
10. Kawal Sanctuary
Positioned 50-km from Mancherial in Andhra Pradesh, Kawal Sanctuary is dwelling for birds like Peacocks, Partridges, Quails, Vultures, Eagles, Kites, Owls, Mynas, Pigeons, Tree – pies, Kingfishers. Additionally animals like Sloth Bear, Panther, and Tiger and so forth are right here.
11. Kadalundi Chook Sanctuary
Kadalundi Chook Sanctuary, situated 25kms away from Calicut (Kozhikode), is haven for migratory birds like Terns, Gulls, Herons, Sand pipers, and so forth. Many migratory birds flock from the month of November and returns solely by the top of April.
A visit to those Chook sanctuaries in Southern India is each enchanting and adventurous expertise.